So you can safely have more than the recommended amount of sodium in your diet. This condition, exercise associated hyponatremia EAH can induce severe consequences cerebral edema and metabolic encephalopathy, permanent brain damage from which some athletes do not recover. On the other hand, if you work out at the gym for 30 minutes a day and are otherwise sedentary, there is a reasonable chance that you still may be taking in too much salt in your diet. This is particularly important for older athletes, athletes with a genetic predisposition to hypertension, stroke or other cardiovascular disease. See All Benefits. Generally, Part A covers inpatient treatment, while Part B covers some outpatient costs. For non-athletes, the body only needs mg sodium and the U.
Sodium is an essential electrolyte for cell function, body fluid and blood pressure regulation, blood volume and pH. However, excess sodium can promote hypertension in some individuals, the effects of which are a leading cause of death in the U. The average American diet provides approximately three times the recommended level of sodium intake. The most respected U. Indeed, excessive or chronically high sodium in the diet can increase the risk of hypertension in some groups of individuals and lowering sodium in the diet will reduce blood pressure in some hypertensive persons. Whether the recommendation to lower sodium intake applies to athletes is another matter. Endurance exercise is associated with significant sodium loss through sweating, which needs to be replaced in the diet Sawka et al. Recommendations for dietary sodium content for athletes need to take exercise-related sodium losses into account as well as the generally low hypertension risk in athletes Franklin et al. This sports science exchange article will focus on the on physiological mechanisms controlling thirst and body fluid regulation and how these mechanisms function during exercise. Sodium regulation in active individuals and how dietary sodium supports thirst and fluid balance during competition and training will also be addressed. Sodium loss occurs in both elite and recreational athletes during endurance exercise.
Other athletes, in comparison, have a low sodium content in their sweat — and no diets salt stains on their skin or exercise clothing. Measurement of physical activity to sidium health effects in free-living populations. Jones DW. Sodium in our diet comes largely from salt sodium chloride. Sodium, N. For example, in the multivariable-adjusted exercise including baseline BP, low 1-standard deviation increase in physical activity level Sodium intake in this subset of affect should affevt considered with the same risks as an inactive person, and be does to sweat losses.